I have tried two methods for installing and running a MediaWiki instance.
The default URLs aren't very nice, as they contain index.php. To hide this from users, we can easily make them pretty. There are two steps: fix Apache, then fix MediaWiki.
The full instructions are here, but here's what I did...
- Add the following to httpd.conf
# This is to give nice names in the wiki # Per this http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/misc/rewriteguide.html Alias /wiki /opt/bitnami/apps/mediawiki/htdocs/index.php RewriteEngine On RewriteRule ^/$ /wiki [R]
- Restart the server with sudo apachectl -k graceful
- Add the following to LocalSettings.php
## This enables pretty URLs $wgArticlePath = '/wiki/$1'; # Virtual path. This directory MUST be different from the one used in $wgScriptPath $wgUsePathInfo = true; # Enable use of pretty URLs
Really pretty URLs
Seems some people don't like the extra folder /wiki/ in the path. Perhaps it can be dispensed with in many cases. Here's a discussion about it.
MediaWiki can be configured to send email messages for various functions. You will need to install some additional packages:
sudo apt-get install php-pear sudo pear install mail sudo pear install Net_SMTP
Also, you'll need to configure the LocalSettings.php file to use your SMTP server to send out the messages, for example:
$wgEnableEmail = true; $wgEnableUserEmail = true; $wgEmergencyContact = "email@example.com"; $wgPasswordSender = "firstname.lastname@example.org"; $wgNoReplyAddress = "email@example.com"; $wgPasswordSender = "firstname.lastname@example.org"; $wgSMTP = array( 'host' => "ssl://smtp.gmail.com", 'IDhost' => "gmail.com", 'port' => 465, 'auth' => true, 'username' => "email@example.com", 'password' => "user_password" );
The port probably has to be 465 for SSL. Check settings with the mail provider.
Note there is a bug in MW 1.18 requiring a small change to includes/UserMailer.php.